In much of the world, women and girls continue to be denied equal protection under the law. Many suffer appalling violence and confront significant cultural and economic barriers. Discrimination, low access to education, poverty, family pressure and social stigma obstruct their freedom and advancement. Family disputes over inheritance and ownership are often resolved at community or village level, reinforcing traditional hierarchies and excluding women from the decision-making process. Across all of its programs, IDLO works to empower women, with the rule of law both a broad frame of reference and a flexible tool. To achieve this aim, top-down reforms must be coupled with efforts to protect women and promote gender equality. The aim is a justice system which affirms women’s rights and allows their voice to be heard.