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Mongolia

Anglais

Landlocked and traditionally isolated, Mongolia possesses a great wealth of under-exploited natural resources, including gold, silver and copper, as well as 10% of the world's known coal reserves. Although the country is peaceful and politically stable, corruption, insufficient transparency in government affairs, and an ambiguous foreign investment legal framework have undermined its capacity to fully capitalize on its economic potential.

MONGOLIA: Giving Children Back Their Childhood

This sub-project aimed to increase knowledge of legal services and awareness of domestic violence (DV) among local communities and children in Mongolia. The Christina Noble Children Foundation organized home visits and delivered a series of training sessions to child protection specialists and youth trainers to provide guidance and information on DV prevention and the Law Combating DV.

MONGOLIA: Equal Opportunity for Every Family

This sub-project aimed to improve knowledge and access to information for women and children on gender-based violence (GBV) and their rights and improve the accessibility of legal services for GBV victims. United Force Against Violence (UFAV) conducted a multi-stakeholder consultation on how to strengthen violence prevention, victim protection and accessibility of legal services and delivered recommendations to relevant Government actors and non-governmental organizations.

MONGOLIA: Prevent Domestic Violence to Strengthen Local Women through Providing Legal Knowledge

This sub-project aimed to prevent domestic violence in Mongolia by raising awareness on the characteristics of domestic violence, psychosocial features of a victim/survivor, and related legal knowledge among local women. Beautiful Hearts, in cooperation with Authority of Family, Child, and Youth Development, strengthened cooperation between paralegal organizations in the Tuv province; delivered capacity development sessions for paralegals on human rights and gender equality and supported their advocacy activities targeting local girls and women.

MONGOLIA: Promoting the Law on Combating Domestic Violence (2016): Increasing Awareness and Knowledge

This sub-project aimed to increase knowledge among the elderly on how to exercise their legitimate rights to prevent domestic violence (DV) and restore their rights in the event of becoming a victim of any form of violence. MAEP delivered training sessions to social workers on strengthening the provision of legal aid to the elderly in cases of DV, developing a database of consultants for the provision of legal services and raising awareness on the available legal and social services among local communities in Ulaanbaatar city and Dakhan province.

MONGOLIA: Against Domestic Violence

This sub-project aimed to strengthen the response to domestic violence (DV)  through intermediary services, and raise awareness on the revised Law on Combating Domestic Violence (2016) among the local community in the Jargalant soum, Khovd aimag. In order to achieve these objectives, the Sain Tus Khugjliin Guur (STKG) delivered a series of training sessions on women and children’s rights, DV prevention and available referral services to community members, and provided legal counselling and referral services to victims of DV.

MONGOLIA: Let's Know Your Rights and Let's Recognize Your Rights, Project for Women with Disability

This sub-project sought to enhance the quality and accessibility to legal assistance for women with disabilities, victims of domestic violence (DV), and those at risk of experiencing DV. The Mongolian National Association for Wheelchair Users (MNAWU) delivered training on social models of disability and human rights to police officers; supported paralegals with disabilities in developing a training and service plan; and facilitated consultation and mediation services for sub-project beneficiaries at the One-Stop Centres in the cities of Ulaanbaatar and Darkhan.

MONGOLIA: School-based Violence Prevention

This sub-project aimed to prevent and protect children and women from becoming victims of gender-based violence (GBV) by empowering schoolteachers and social workers to talk to children and parents about domestic violence (DV). The Gender Equality Center delivered a series of training sessions on DV and GBV prevention to teachers, students and parents, and provided counselling services at school in Zamiin-Uud, Dornogovi province. The Implementing Partner also organized awareness-raising activities engaging children and parents as agents of change to prevent DV and child violence.

MONGOLIA: Promoting the Law on Combating Domestic Violence (2016): Increasing Awareness and Knowledge

This sub-project aimed to challenge gender stereotypes and reduce the risk of domestic violence (DV) in the Kazakh province of Bayan-Ulgii in Mongolia. Myanganii Devshil organized psychological and legal counselling for victims of DV and increased the legal knowledge of social workers through training sessions across the province.

Children’s Access to Justice in Mongolia

The COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to contain it have had severe and long-lasting impacts on Mongolia. Though prevention and containment measures have successfully prevented a large-scale health crisis, extended lockdowns have negatively affected children’s access to education, psychological and physical wellbeing and reduced the capacity of the Mongolian justice system to respond to crimes against children.

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Key Initiatives

  • Strengthening the domestic violence response in Mongolia IDLO is implementing a project in Mongolia that aims to strengthen the response to domestic violence and increase access to justice for survivors. 
  • Domestic violence in Mongolia is increasingly recognized as a significant problem. Law enforcement officials report that in 2016 domestic violence cases increased by 25 per cent in the first seven months of the year compared to the previous year. In response, the Government of Mongolia has begun to take legislative and policy steps to improve its response to the issue. While important steps continue to be taken, significant challenges remain.
  • In recent years, following a growth spur which made it the fastest growing economy in the world, Mongolia has experienced rapid economic and social downturn. Although the years of growth yielded wealth and investment, the country was unable to prepare for a recession due to corruption, inflation, distortion of the local economy and environmental degradation. One of the key obstacles to sustainable growth and development is the weak and poorly prepared judiciary.
  • Mongolia’s rapid economic and social growth over the last few years is threatened by low-quality and unenforced court decisions. Despite a series of judicial reforms launched by the Government, Mongolia still lacks the legislative framework necessary to enforce court decisions or a strategy to address a growing caseload. Moreover, bailiffs’ inadequate legal knowledge and skills weaken the credibility and efficiency of the judiciary system and impede its proper functioning.
  • Despite having reached satisfactory standards of democracy and improved the respect for human rights, Mongolia faces some serious issues in addressing high levels of domestic violence against women. Mechanisms and services for protection of and support to victims of domestic violence are still very limited. A lack of training, procedural guidelines and inter-agency coordination between justice sector actors often creates obstacles for victims and hinders an efficient response to domestic abuse. 
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